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Административно-территориальное устройство

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Khabarovsk krai comprises 2 Urban districts (okrugs) and 17 Municipal districts, in whose territories there are 29 urban settlements and 427 rural-type settlements. The administrative center of the krai – the city of Khabarovsk - has also been a center of the Far-Eastern Federal District beginning from May of 2002. Khabarovsk krai is among the largest by size administrative and territorial entities of the Russian Federation; it is located in the central part of the Russian Far East. It borders on regions of the Far Eastern Federal District, and also the PRC.
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Городской округ "Город Хабаровск"
Khabarovsk stretched along the Amur for 50 kilometers. Being the largest economic, financial and transportation center of the Far East with over 585 thousand of people, Khabarovsk permanently renews and modernizes its outlook.
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Городской округ "Город Комсомольск-на-Амуре"
Today’s Komsomolsk is a large industrial, scientific and cultural center of the Far East, the third largest city in the Far Eastern Federal District. As of beginning of 2009 its population was 270.996 thousand of people, the occupied area is 325 square meters.
Хабаровский муниципальный район
Khabarovsky municipal district is situated in the south-west of Khabarovsk krai, and is composed of two separate parts: the right bank area of the Amur River adjoining the city of Khabarovsk, and the left bank area (northern part), comprising the basins of the Rivers Kur and Urmi.
Ульчский муниципальный район
Ulchsky municipal district occupies territory of 39.1 thousand sq. m; stretches along the River Amur from north to south for 340 kilometers, and borders on Vaninsky and Komsomolsky districts in the southern part, Imeni Polini Osipenko district in the north-western part, and Nikolayevsky district in the northern part.
Тугуро-Чумиканский муниципальный район
Exploration of this district begun in the XVII century, as far back as in 1653 Udskoy ostrog (fort) was founded in the territory of the district, where the Russian Cossacks settled. Then there were attempts to colonize this region, Russian and Yukut displaced people were brought here, attempts to cultivate agriculture and cattle raising were taken. But the rough northern region, inhabited by half-wild aboriginal tribes, didn’t welcome migrants, and all the attempts to colonize it all the way to administrative measures application ultimately turned out to be non-effective. With time Udskoy ostrog emptied, some Cossacks moved to Chumican, where they melted into aboriginal populations.
Солнечный муниципальный район
Solnechny district was founded on the 23d of March of 1977 by the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR “On formation of the Solnechy district with the center in the urban-type settlement Solnechny”; it’s located in the central part of Khabarovsk krai and borders on imeni Polini Osipenko district in the north, Ulchsky and Komsomolsky districts in the north-east, Verkhne-Bureinsky district in the north-west.
Советско-Гаванский муниципальный район
Municipal entity – Sovetsko-Gavansky municipal district forms part of Khabarovsk krai as administrative and territorial unit. It lies on the south coast of Sovetskaya Gavan Bay, 866 km from the city of Khabarovsk.
Муниципальный район им.Полины Осипенко
Imeni Polini Osipenko district (district of the name of Polina Osipenko) was founded in 1926; up to 1939 it was called Kerbinsky. It was renamed after the aviatress, the Hero of the Soviet Union, Polina Denisovna Osipenko, who made a continuous flight in 1938 on route “Moscow – Far East”, which ended in the territory of this district.
Муниципальный район им.Лазо
Imeni Lazo municipal district (district of the name of Lazo) in contemporary borders is located in forest-steppe area south of Khabarovsk krai, and borders on Khabarovsky rural district along the river Chirki in the north, Vyazemsky municipal district and Primorsky krai along the river Podkhorenok in the south, the People’s Republic of China along the river Ussury in the west. The length of the district from north to south is 280 km, from west to east - 260 km.
Охотский муниципальный район
Okhotsky district is an administrative and territorial unit and municipal entity in Khabarovsk krai. Its administrative center is Okhotsk, rural-type settlement.
Николаевский муниципальный район
Nikolayevsky district of Khabarovsk krai is an administrative unit of the Russian Federation. The district is located in the north-west part of Khabarovsk krai and borders on Ulchsky district in the south, and Tuguro-Chumikansky district in the west. In the north it’s confined by the waters of the Okhotsk Sea, in the north-east –of Sakhalin Bay, in the east – of the Amur liman (estuary, firth), and in the south-east – of the Tatar Strait.
Нанайский муниципальный район
Exploration of Priamurye by Russian migrants began in the second part of the XIX — beginning of the XX centuries. In those years the following settlements are made: Troitskoe (1859), Malmyzh (1860), Innokentyevka (1896), Slavyanka (1909), Sinda (1913). Founded in 1927 the Torgonsky and Bolonsky districts got merged three years later. A new administrative unit appeared on the map of Khabarovsk krai – the Nanaysky district.
Комсомольский муниципальный район
Komsomolsky district is located in the central part of Khabarovsk krai, occupying the right and the left banks area of the River Amur. In the north it borders on Solnechny district, in the east – Ulchsky, in the south-east – Vaninsky, in the south – Nanaysky, in the west – Amursky districts. This area belongs to the territories equivalent to the regions of the Extreme North.
Вяземский муниципальный район
The district center is the town of Vyazemsky (1951 – year of foundation), which lies 130 km south of Khabarovsk. The town spread over the terraces of two small rivers, the 1st and the 2nd Sedmaya, close to their outlets to the Ussuri.
Верхнебуреинский муниципальный район
The district was founded on the 14th of June of 1927 as “Verkhnebureinsky indigenous district of the Evenki people (the Tungus)” of the Far-Eastern region; several tribal councils were included in it. Chekunda settlement became the district center, in 1942 the center was moved to Sredny Urgal, and since 1953 it has been Chegdomyn. In August of 1948, due to Amursk Oblast becoming an independent entity, the district moved under direct submission to Khabarovsk krai.
Ванинский муниципальный район
Vaninsky district of Khabarovsk krai was founded in 1973. The territory of the district of 25 thousand sq km lies on the seashore of the Tatar Strait between 49 and 51 degrees north latitude, and 138.5 and 141 degrees eastern longitude. Vaninsky district is placed on two large tectonic faults, which indicates that the geological formation is not complete and the fertile soils are not available here.
Бикинский муниципальный район
The residential community Bikin appeared in 1895 during the construction of the northern part of the railway, being Cossacks settlement of Bikinskaya stanitsa (village) district. In1933 hundreds of lumberjacks, stonemasons, carpenters and masters arrived to Bikin. In the northern part of the town, where taiga and swamps used to be, they began constructing railroad hub. Military town, hospital, canteen № 4, city halls, comprehensive school № 23, nursery school were built here as well.
Аяно-Майский муниципальный район
Ayano-Maysky district is one of the remote northern districts of Khabarovsk krai; in spite of the huge spaces only 2421 people live here as of 01-01-2012, and density of the population is 0.014 people per square kilometer.
Амурский муниципальный район
Amursky district is located in the central part of Khabarovsk krai; in the west and the south-east it borders on Khabarovsky, in the north – with Komsomolsky, in the east – with Nanaysky districts of Khabarovsk krai, in the south – with Smidovichesky district of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast. It occupies a territory of 16 415.4 sq.km. Along the rail road the distance from the closest station Mylki (18 km from Amursk) to the regional center the city of Khabarovsk is 328 km.